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英文版出师表全文 出师表英汉对照翻译

http://www.52yle.com 时间:2018-03-12 10:10 来源:未知 作者:admin

最近,英文版本的出师表火了,虽然没有中文这么有力,但是尝试一下不同的风格感觉也都还不错的样子,可能看别人说的感觉就是那样,大家不如来看看完整英文版的,尝试着自己读一下,掌握一下节奏还是有中国风味的,下面是英文版的完整版,欢迎阅读。

英文版出师表全文 出师表英汉对照翻译

诸葛亮 《前出师表》

臣亮言:先帝创业未半,而中道崩殂。今天下三分,益州疲敝,此诚危急存亡之秋也。然侍卫之臣不懈于内;忠志之士忘身于外者,盖追先帝之殊遇,欲报之于陛下也。诚宜开张圣听,以光先帝遗德,恢弘志士之气;不宜妄自菲薄,引喻失义,以塞忠谏之路也。

宫中府中,俱为一体;陟罚臧否,不宜异同:若有作奸犯科及为忠善者,宜付有司论其刑赏,以昭陛下平明之治;不宜偏私,使内外异法也。侍中、侍郎郭攸之、费依、董允等,此皆良实,志虑忠纯,是以先帝简拔以遗陛下。愚以为宫中之事,事无大小,悉以咨之,然后施行,必能裨补阙漏,有所广益。将军向宠,性行淑均,晓畅军事,试用于昔日,先帝称之曰“能”,是以众议举宠为督。愚以为营中之事,事无大小,悉以咨之,必能使行阵和睦,优劣得所也。亲贤臣,远小人,此先汉所以兴隆也;亲小人,远贤臣,此后汉所以倾颓也。先帝在时,每与臣论此事,未尝不叹息痛恨于桓、灵也!侍中、尚书、长史、参军,此悉贞亮死节之臣,愿陛下亲之信之,则汉室之隆,可计日而待也。

臣本布衣,躬耕于南阳,苟全性命于乱世,不求闻达于诸侯。先帝不以臣卑鄙,猥自枉屈,三顾臣于草庐之中,谘臣以当世之事,由是感激,遂许先帝以驱驰。后值倾覆,受任于败军之际,奉命于危难之间,尔来二十有一年矣。先帝知臣谨慎,故临崩寄臣以大事也。受命以来,夙夜忧叹,恐付托不效,以伤先帝之明。故五月渡泸,深入不毛。今南方已定,甲兵已足,当奖帅三军,北定中原,庶竭驽钝,攘除奸凶,兴复汉室,还于旧都。此臣所以报先帝而忠陛下之职分也。至于斟酌损益,进尽忠言,则攸之、祎、允等之任也。愿陛下托臣以讨贼兴复之效,不效,则治臣之罪,以告先帝之灵;若无兴德之言,则责攸之、祎、允等之咎,以彰其慢。陛下亦宜自谋,以咨诹善道,察纳雅言,深追先帝遗诏。臣不胜受恩感激!

今当远离,临表涕泣,不知所云。

英文版

Chu-Ko Kung-ming's Second Memorial to the Throne on his Expedition

I, your humblesubject Zhuge Liang, have this to say: The late Emperor had by far notyetattained his objective of restoring the Han Dynasty before he deceased halfwayin his career. Now the country is divided into three camps, and Yizhou hasexhausted it resources. It is indeeda critical moment when survival is atstake. However, the royal guards keep vigilant at courtwhile the loyalsoldiers with high aim fight selflessly on the battlefield, because they bearin mindthe late Emperor’s special grace, wishing to repay it to Your Majesty.It would be mostjudicious that you give more open-minded hearing to yourcounselors, so as to aggrandize hislegacy of noble virtues and heighten thearmymen’s morale. In the meantime, it would beinadvisable to strain yourmodesty or make inapt remarks, thus blocking faithfulremonstrances.

The court andthe chancellery are one entity. No difference should be made between theminrespect of promoting and commending the good or punishing and criticizing theevil. Thosewho are guilty of misconduct or creditable for devotion and noblecharacter should bereferred to the authorities to be penalized or awarded ontheir merits, so as to manifest YourMajesty’s justice and perspicacity. Itwould be inappropriate to show partiality and makedistinction betweenregulations inside and outside the court.

Ministers suchas Guo Youzhi, Fei Yi and Dong Yun, having integrity and probity as wellasfaith in our cause and purity of mind, were selected by the late Emperor to beused by YourMajesty. I think that they should be consulted on all courtaffairs, be they great or small, beforethey are put into execution. This willcertainly be conducive to making up for loopholes anddefects in our work andto effecting greater successes. General Xiang Chong, a man of goodnature, wellversed in tactics, formerly used on probation and considered by the lateEmperor ascapable, has been recommended by all to be the MilitarySuperintendent. In my humbleopinion, he should be consulted on all mattersconcerning the army, be they great or small. Thiswill surely contribute to theharmony in the army and to putting both the superior and theindifferent peoplein their proper places.

To be close tovirtuous courtiers and alien to knavish ones was what made the EarlierHanDynasty strong and prosperous, while to be close to knavish courtiers and aliento virtuousones was what made the Latter Han Dynasty collapse. When the lateEmperor was still alive, hedid not fail to sign with regret and bear a bittergrudge against Emperors Huan and Ling everytime he discussed this history withme. Ministers such as Chen Zhen, Zhang Yi and Jiang Wanare all constant andloyal subjects. It is hoped that Your Majesty will hold them dear andtrustthem. In that case, the revival of the Han Dynasty can be expected in the nearestfuture.

I was originallya commoner, tilling my land in Nanyang, trying merely to survive inthetroublous times, not seeking to be known to the nobility. The late Emperor,disregarding myhumble birth and low position, condescended to pay me three visitsin my thatched cottage, consulting me on contemporary issues. I was thereforevery grateful to him and promised himmy whole-hearted service. Later our armysuffered a disastrous defeat, I was appointed asenvoy to Wu at the time of thedebacle, and was installed in office at a moment of great perilandtribulation. Since then twenty one years have elapsed. Knowing my prudence, thelateEmperor entrusted me with that task of great consequence upon his demise.Being thuscommitted, I have often worried at night, fearing lest I should failto live up to the trust, reflecting discredit upon His Majesty’s sagacity.Consequently, I led the troops to cross theRiver Lu in the fifth month,penetrating into the depth of the barren land. Now that thesouthern territoryis stabilized and armaments are sufficient, it is high time to reward thearmy,so as to march north and recover the central part of the country. I wish that Imightexhaust my mediocre ability in extirpating the treacherous malefactorsand restoring the HanDynasty with a triumphant re-entry into the lost capital.This is what I should do to repay thekindness of the late Emperor and toperform my duty to Your Majesty. As for handling matterswith discretion andweighing advantages and disadvantages as well as making faithfulremonstrances,they are the concern of Guo, Fei and Dong. I beg Your Majesty to enjoin uponmethe success of the expedition and the revival of the Han Dynasty. Should Ifail, then call meto task and have me duly punished, so as to solace the soulof the late Emperor. In the absenceof outspoken suggestions regarding theadvancement of virtues and morality, Guo, Fei andDong are to be corrected andto have their fault of remissness made known to everybody.

It would be wisethat Your Majesty also give more consideration to State affairs, solicitingthegood opinions on conducting the government and accepting with discernment otherpeople’sviews, so as to realize the late Emperor’s wish as expressed in histestament. I shall be mostgrateful to you for your kindness. Upon my departureto a remote region, I cannot helpshedding tears while writing this memorial,not quite clear myself on what I have hereinrelated.

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